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Your anchor is the primary way for you to secure your boat while on the water and is arguably the most important piece of safety equipment to have onboard. We’ve created this resource to help you find and select the right anchor (or anchors) for your application.

Selecting the Right Anchor

“What is the best kind of anchor and rode for my boat?” We get asked that question a lot, and the answer is often “more than one anchor, of different types.” While you might wonder if we are just trying to sell a few more anchors, the experts generally agree with this viewpoint.

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Selecting an Anchor Rode

Small boats often use anchor rodes made entirely of three-strand nylon because they are lightweight, inexpensive and, for boats without a windlass or anchor well, easier to stow than rodes with chain. Although all-nylon anchor rodes can be quite strong, they lack the chafe resistance of rodes with chain and a...

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The Importance of Anchors

Whether you own a full-keeled cruiser, a heavy trawler, an aluminum runabout, a kayak or any other type of boat, your anchor is arguably the most important piece of safety gear to have. Calling for help with your cell phone or VHF radio won’t stop your boat if you find yourself drifting toward a lee shore with a dead engine—and it’s not going to stop your kayak in a river when you are too pooped to paddle. Ask any cruiser, and they will tell you just how much they appreciate being able to sleep soundly, knowing that their boat is held securely against wind, current and waves.

The Best Anchor for Your Boat

Given West Marine’s tremendous selection of anchors, which one should you choose? The short answer often is “more than one type.” This is because the type of bottom—mud, sand, coral, grass or rock—as well as the size and windage (wind resistance) of your boat have a bearing on which anchor is best. Since many of us use our boats in a variety of conditions, having a couple types of anchors on board makes sense.

Types of Anchors

Our selection can be divided into seven different types of anchors: pivoting fluke-style, Bruce-type, fixed-shank scoop, non-hinged plow, hinged plow, plus river and lake anchors and various types of shallow water anchors. Depending on the type of boat you have and the composition of the seabed where you expect to “drop the hook,” one or more of these types of anchors should be good for you.

Our selection can be divided into seven different types of anchors: pivoting fluke-style, Bruce-type, fixed-shank scoop, non-hinged plow, hinged plow, plus river and lake anchors and various types of shallow water anchors. Depending on the type of boat you have and the composition of the seabed where you expect to “drop the hook,” one or more of these types of anchors should be good for you.

How big an anchor do you need?

Sizing an anchor for your boat reinforces, with some limits, the “bigger is better” idea. Having a properly sized anchor ready could make the difference in an emergency between drifting onto a rocky shore or staying free from danger. However, raising any but the lightest of anchors by hand requires a strong back. You’ll find the process is much easier with a windlass.

When selecting an anchor, take the manufacturers’ suggested sizes into account and consider your boating style. Do you typically anchor for two hours or for two weeks, in a lake or in the Atlantic Ocean?

Think in terms of a complete anchoring system.

When selecting an anchor, you should think of it as part of a complete ground tackle system. Apart from the anchor itself, ground tackle systems include the rode, which can be all rope, all chain, or a combination of rope and chain. The system also will include a means to store your anchor, which might be a bow roller or at its simplest, an anchor bag that holds your anchor and rode. West Marine offers a number of anchor packages that include the anchor and rode.

Depending on the weight, raising or “weighing” your anchor can be hard work. That is why large, heavy anchors require the use of a windlass. Windlasses can be manual or electric. Manual windlasses supply your crew with a mechanical advantage for weighing your anchor. Many electric windlasses can be operated remotely from your boat’s fly bridge or cockpit, which is especially helpful in a short-handed situation. For more help with setting up your anchoring system, see our West Advisor articles: Selecting the Right Anchor, Selecting an Anchor Rode, Anchor Rollers and Installing an Anchor Windlass.

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